CSA provides assistance to the marine shipping industry when accidents occur during routine operations. Incidents could include the accidental discharges of fuel or oil or direct impacts to sensitive marine resources from anchor and tow cable drag and ship or barge groundings. Any of these types of impacts can cause extensive damage to surrounding marine communities, including marshes, seagrass beds, oyster reefs, hardbottom areas, and coral reefs. CSA provides the services of our professional and experienced staff to assess, rehabilitate, enhance, and monitor marine habitats damaged by marine operations or shipping accidents. We provide initial damage assessment services to quantify the level of impacts and assist in minimizing further damages immediately following an incident. This often includes the preparation of a Habitat Equivalency Analysis (HEA) to place a value on the impacted resources to determine appropriate compensation and mitigation for damages and lost ecological services. Rehabilitation services can include spill cleanup , site remediation such as substrate stabilization, seagrass re-planting, and coral reattachment in reef areas, and subsequent monitoring to measure habitat recovery.